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MAJOR SEA PORTS IN INDIA

4th September, 2021 Prelims

List of Major Sea Ports in India

The major ports of India that are situated on the east and west coastlines are listed as below:

Western Coast

Port Name

Location

Cochin Port

Kochi, Kerala

Kandla Port

Gulf of Kutch, Gujarat

Jawaharlal Nehru Port

South Mumbai, Maharashtra

New Mangalore Port

Mangalore, Karnataka

Mormugoa Port

Panaji, Goa

Mumbai Port

West Mumbai, Maharashtra

 

Eastern Coast

Port Name

Location

Chennai Port

Chennai, Tamil Nadu

Ennore Port

Coromandel Coast, Tamil Nadu

Haldia Port

Kolkata, West Bengal

Kolkata Port

Kolkata, West Bengal

Paradip Port

Jagatsinghpur, Odisha

Tuticorin Port

Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu

Vishakhapatnam  Port

Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh

New Names of Ports

  • Ennore Port – Kamarajar Port. 
  • Kandla Port – Deendayal Port Trust.  
  • Kolkata Port – Dr. Syama Prasad Mukherjee Port.
  • Nhava Sheva – Jawaharlal Nehru Port.
  • Panambur Port – New Mangalore Port.
  • Tuticorin Port – V.O. Chidambaram Port.

Key Pointers

  • Total no. of Major Seaports in India – 13. 
  • Largest Port in India – Mumbai Port.
    • Busiest Port in India.
    • Largest Natural Port and Harbor In India.
  • Second Largest Port in India – Chennai Port.
  • Oldest Shipyard of India – Vizag Port.
  • Oldest Port of India – Lothal Port (Gujarat).
  • Deepest Port in India – Gangavaram Port (Andhra Pradesh).
  • The Base of Indian Coast Guard – Haldia Port.
  • First Corporate Port in India – Ennore Port.
  • First Private Port in India – Port Pipavav (Gujarat).
  • Oldest Operating Port in India – Kolkata Port.
    • Only major Riverine Port in India.
  • Iron Ore Exporting Port in India – Mormugoa Port.
  • Largest Container Port in India – Jawaharlal Nehru Port.
    • Largest Artificial Port in India – Jawaharlal Nehru Port.
  • Asia’s first Export Processing Zone (EPZ) – Kandla Port (1965).
  • Only Natural Seaport in the shores of Bay of Bengal – Vizag Port.
  • First Major Port commissioned after Independence – Paradip Port.
  • Biggest port of India based on the volume of freight handled – Kandla Port.
  • Indian State with the Largest no. of Major Ports – Tamil Nadu.

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