IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


11th November, 2022 Social Issues

Copyright infringement not intended


In News

  • Atal Innovation Mission of the NITI Aayog has launched the Women-centric challenges under the 2nd edition of the Atal New India Challenge (ANIC) to address the major issues faced by women, including;
    • Promoting women's hygiene through innovation.
    • Innovations to improve women’s safety.
    • Professional networking opportunities for women.
    • Innovations that make working mothers’ life better.
    • Easing the life of Rural Women.
  • Atal New India Challenge aims to seek, select, support and nurture technology-based innovations that solve sectoral challenges of national importance and societal relevance through a grant-based mechanism of up to one crore rupees.



  • The Atal New India Challenge is the program of the Atal Innovation Mission, NITI Aayog. The program aims to aspire, select, support and encourage technology-based innovations that solve challenges of national importance and societal relevance.
  • The main objective of the ANIC program is to support innovations in;
    • Education
    • Health
    • Water and Sanitation
    • Agriculture
    • Food Processing
    • Housing
    • Energy
    • Mobility, etc.
  • The programme will provide funding of up to Rs 1 crore along with other associated support from the AIM’s innovation ecosystem.
  • The 1st phase of ANIC concentrates on 18 challenges from 7 sectors;
  • E-mobility
  • Road Transportation
  • Space Technology and Applications
  • Medical Devices and Equipment
  • Sanitation
  • Waste Management
  • Agriculture


Atal Innovation Mission (AIM)

  • The Atal Innovation Mission was initiated by the NITI Aayog in 2016 to promote innovation and entrepreneurship across the country.
  • The main objective of the mission is to create and promote an ecosystem of innovation and entrepreneurship at schools, universities, Research institutions, MSMEs and Industry levels.
  • Under the Mission, Atal Tinkering Labs are established to promote a creative, innovative mindset in schools.
    • At the school level, AIM is setting up state-of-the-art Atal Tinkering Labs (ATL) across all districts across the country.
    • These ATLs are dedicated innovation workspaces on the latest technologies like 3D Printers, Robotics, the Internet of Things (IoT), etc.
  • Atal Innovation Tinkering challenges are regularly held in the school as well as by AIM every month to ensure students' active involvement in creating innovative solutions to solve problems in their community and the country.
  • Atal Incubators to Promote entrepreneurship in universities and industry.
  • Atal Community Innovation Centres to promote the benefits of technology to the underserved regions of India including Tier 2, and Tier 3 cities, Aspirational districts, and tribal, hilly and coastal areas.
  • Mentor of Change: To encourage a vibrant ecosystem of innovation, AIM is promoting active collaboration between Government, Academia, Industry, Individuals and Societal focused NGOs.


NITI Aayog

  • Planning Commission Inspired by the USSR/Soviet Model, the Prime Minister established a Planning Commission in 1950 to design the five-year Plans for India.
    • In 2015, it was replaced by a new organisation named National Institution for Transforming India (NITI).
  • Promote Cooperative Federalism
    • The Governing Council of NITI Aayog has Lieutenant Governors of Union Territories and State Chief Ministers.
    • NITI Aayog Constituted a Committee of State Chief Ministers to examine important issues.
  • Promote Competitive Federalism
    • NITI Aayog has Prepared online dashboards to rank the States on various indicators of development Such as;
      • Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) India Index.
      • Health Index.
      • School Education Quality Index.
      • Digital Transformation Index.
    • Launched Aspirational District Programs for monitoring the progress of backward districts.
  • NITI Aayog has not been given the mandate or Powers to impose Policies on States.
    • NITI Aayog is a think tank or an advisory body.
  • The Powers for the allocation of funds have not been given to the NITI Aayog. The Powers are with the Finance Ministry.
  • As a ‘think-tank’, Niti Aayog has helped the government In framing various Policies on;
    • Clean energy
    • Methanol based economy
    • Infrastructure, human development etc.
    • The model acts on agricultural land leasing, livestock Selling etc.
  • NITI Aayog regularly organises Seminars, Workshops, and Conferences.
  • NITI initiated Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) to help Startups. NITI is developing the National Program on Artificial Intelligence.
  • NITI’s approach is modernised, forward-looking, and less bureaucratic; NITI Aayog is playing an important role as a think tank for Economic growth, Human development and Good governance in India.