IAS Gyan

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BrahMos supersonic missile                             

12th January, 2022 Security and Defence


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Context: An extended-range sea-to-sea variant of BrahMos Supersonic Cruise Missile was successfully test fired from Indian Navy’s newly commissioned INS Visakhapatnam.


BrahMos naval variant:

  • It has been designed to launch either in a vertical or a horizontal mode from moving/stationary assets to target both land and sea targets.
  • It can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft, and land platforms.


About BrahMos

  • The BrahMos (designated PJ-10) is a medium-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarine, ships, aircraft, or land.
  • Developed by: It is a joint venture between the Russian Federation's NPO Mashinostroyeniya and India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), who together have formed BrahMos Aerospace.
  • It is the world's fastest anti-ship cruise missile in operation.
  • Version in use: land-launched and ship-launched versions.
  • Recent development: In 2016, India became a member of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), India and Russia are now jointly developing a new generation of Brahmos missiles with 600 km-plus range.
  • In 2019, India upgraded the missile with a new range of 500 km.