CLIMATE CHANGE PERFORMANCE INDEX 2023
Copyright infringement not intended
Context: India climbed two spots to bag eighth position out of 63 in the Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) 2023.
- The report was published by three environmental non-governmental organisations that track climate performance of the European Unionand 59 countries, which together account for over 92 per cent of the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the world.
- The rankings by Germanwatch, NewClimate nstituteand the Climate Action Network are based on how well the countries are doing to halve their emissions by 2030 -- an essential aspect to keep the 1.5-degree Celsius goal within reach and prevent dangerous climate change.
- The CCPI, which has been published since 2005, aims to enhance transparency in international climate politics and it enables comparison of individual countries' climate protection efforts and progress.
- The report leaves the first three places empty as "no country performed well enough in all index categories to achieve an overall very high rating". It puts Denmark in fourth place, followed by Swedenand Chile.
- China, which is the world's biggest polluter now, fell 13 places to 51st in this year's CCPI and received an overall very-low rating due to plans for new coal-fired power plants.
- The US rose by three ranks to the 52nd place. Iran (63rd), Saudi Arabia (62nd) and Kazakhstan (61st) fared the worst.
- The jump can be attributed to India's low emissions and the increasing use of renewable energy.
- India earned a high rating in the GHG Emissions and Energy Usecategories, while it got a medium rating in Climate Policy and Renewable Energy sections.
- The report said India is "on track" to meet its 2030 emissions targets, compatible with a well-below 2-degree-Celsius scenario. "However, the renewable energy pathway is not on track for the 2030 target," it said.
- The report noted that India is among the nine countries responsible for 90 per cent of global coal production and it also plans to increase its oil, gas, and oil production by over 5 per cent by 2030. This is incompatible with the 1.5 degree Celsius target.