CONFERENCE ON INTERACTION AND CONFIDENCE-BUILDING MEASURES IN ASIA (CICA)
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Context: External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar arrived in Kazakhstan to attend the 6th Ministerial meeting of the Conference of Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) in Nur-Sultan.
- Kazakhstan is the current Chair and initiator of the CICA Forum.
- The Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA) is an inter-governmental forum for enhancing cooperation towards promoting peace, security and stability in Asia.
- It is a forum based on the recognition that there is close link between peace, security and stability in Asia and in the rest of the world.
- The key idea of the Conference is based on the priority of the indivisibility of security, joint initiative and mutually beneficial interaction of small and large states.
- The idea of convening the CICA was first proposed by Kazakhstan President Nursultan Nazarbayev on 5 October 1992, at the 47th Session of the United Nations General Assembly.
- The two founding documents of CICA are Declaration on the Principles Guiding Relations and the Almaty Act.
- CICA pursues its policy based on the principles of sovereign equality, non-interference in internal affairs of the Member States and economic, social and cultural cooperation to achieve its main objective of enhancing cooperation through elaborating multilateral approaches towards promoting peace, security and stability in Asia.
- All decisions within CICA framework are taken by consensus.
- To be a member of CICA, a state must have at least a part of its territory in Asia.
- The CICA Summit is convened every four years in order to conduct consultations, review the progress of, and set priorities for CICA activities.
- India is a founding member of this organization.