IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis

CSIR

10th August, 2022 Science and Technology

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Context

  • CSIR gets its first woman chief.

 

About CSIR

  • The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, abbreviated as CSIR, was established by the Government of India in 1942 as an autonomous body that has emerged as the largest research and development organisation in India.
  • Although it is mainly funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology, it operates as an autonomous body through the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
  • The research and development activities of CSIR include aerospace engineering, structural engineering, ocean sciences, life sciences, metallurgy, chemicals, mining, food, petroleum, leather, and environmental science.
  • It provides significant technological intervention in many areas concerning societal efforts, which include environment, health, drinking water, food, housing, energy, farm and non-farm sectors. Further, CSIR’s role in S&T human resource development is noteworthy.

Significance

  • Pioneer of India’s intellectual property movement, CSIR today is strengthening its patent portfolio to carve out global niches for the country in select technology domains. CSIR filed about 225 Indian patents and 250 foreign patents per year during 2015-20.
  • CSIR has pursued cutting edge science and advanced knowledge frontiers. In 2019, CSIR published 5009 papers in SCI Journals with an average impact factor per paper of 3.714.
  • CSIR has put in place [email protected]: Vision & Strategy 2022 – New CSIR for New India. CSIR’s mission is “to build a new CSIR for a new India”, and CSIR’s vision is to “Pursue science which strives for global impact, the technology that enables innovation-driven industry and nurtures trans-disciplinary leadership thereby catalyzing inclusive economic development for the people of India”.
  • CSIR is ranked 37th among 1587 government institutions worldwide and is the only Indian organization among the top 100 global government institutions, according to the Scimago Institutions Ranking World Report 2021. CSIR holds the 7th rank in Asia and leads the country at the first position.

 

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