IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


21st December, 2022 Social Issues

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In News

  • Members of Parliament have raised the drug abuse issue in the lok sabha and suggested some measures to tackle the growing menace of drug abuse in the country.
    • Stricter law enforcement, better rehabilitation centres and more sports complexes for students were some of the suggestions made by Lok Sabha members.

Drug abuse in India

  • Drug addiction is spreading fast among Indian youth. According to a survey by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, India has more than 70 million drug addicts.
  • It is a serious health problem which not only destroys the person involved but his entire family, the society and the nation.
    • It promotes anti-social behaviour such as stealing, crime and violence.
  • It affects the economic growth of a country by generating unaccounted money that is also used for terror funding and anti-national activities.
    • Therefore it is also a serious threat to national security.
  • India is located between the two largest Opium producing regions of the world;
    • Golden triangle on the eastern side: Thailand, Myanmar, Vietnam and Laos.
    • Golden crescent on the North-Western side: Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran.

As per the report released by the All India Institute Of Medical Science (AIIMS)

  • More than 5 crore Indians have reported using cannabis and opioids.
  • Nearly 8.5 lakh people inject drugs.
  • More than half of the total registered cases are from Punjab, Assam, Delhi, Haryana, Manipur, Mizoram, Sikkim and Uttar Pradesh.


Steps taken by the Government

  • The Indian government is Coordinating with Various International Organizations including BRICS, SAARC, ASIAN, etc, to share information and intelligence to combat transnational drug trafficking.
  • Coordinating among Various Central and State Agencies:
  • The Union Ministry of Home Affairs has launched the SIMS (Seizure Information Management System) Portal for the digitization of pan-India drug seizure data.
  • The National Fund for Control of Drug Abuse was constituted to meet the expenditure incurred in connection with combating illicit traffic in Narcotic Drugs; rehabilitating addicts, educating the public against drug abuse, etc.
  • Project Sunrise was launched by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare to tackle the rising HIV prevalence in northeastern states in India, especially among people injecting drugs.
  • ‘Nasha Mukt Bharat’ or Drug-Free India Campaign with a focus on community outreach programs.
  • India is a signatory of the following International treaties and conventions;
    • United Nations (UN) Convention on Narcotic Drugs (1961).
    • UN Convention on Psychotropic Substances (1971).
    • UN Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (1988).UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) 2000.

Way Forward

  • Article 47 of the Directive Principles of State Policy of the Constitution of India directs the state to improve public health and endeavour to bring about the prohibition of the consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs which are injurious to health.
  • Steps need to be taken to stop cross-border trafficking and improve the enforcement of law in India.
  • The stigma associated with drug taking needs to be reduced.
    • Society needs to understand that drug addicts are victims and not criminals.
    • Proper Counseling is another alternative.
  • The education curriculum should include topics on drug addiction, its impact and also on de-addiction.
  • Enhancing skills of care providers.
  • Funding for evidence-based interventions.
  • Developing programmes for vulnerable groups like youth, street children, women, prisons, etc