IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


12th December, 2022 International Relations

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Context: The first G20 Finance and Central Bank Deputies (FCBD) meeting will be jointly hosted by the Finance Ministry and the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and is slated for December 13-15 at Bengaluru.


  • Following last week’s first round of Sherpa track meetings under India’s G20 presidency, the Finance Track will kick off its meetings Tuesday with discussions on economic and financial issues, including global economic outlook, infrastructure development, sustainable finance, global health, international taxation, financial sector issues and global approach for cryptocurrencies.
  • India has assumed the G20 Presidency at a time of multiple challenges, which include scarring from the  pandemic, sharpened geopolitical tensions, rising food and energy security concerns, growing debt distress, inflationary pressures, and monetary tightening, among others.
  • The discussions are expected to feature the fallout from the Russia-Ukrainewar in the form of disrupted supply chains, impact on commodity prices and the adverse impact on price and availability of three Fs – food, fuel and fertilisers.
  • Additionally, the finance track discussions will also focus on financial crimes and taking measures for a coordinated approach for cryptocurrencies, a step which Indian has been waiting for before charting its own legal course for the virtual assets.
  • G20 Finance Track agenda will “help collective preparedness and needs for future challenges especially for developing and vulnerable economies.”
  • Discussions in Finance Track will focus on reorienting international financial institutions to meet the shared global challenges of the 21st century, financing cities of tomorrow, managing global debt vulnerabilities, advancing financial inclusion and productivity gains, financing for climate action and SDGs, a globally coordinated approach to unbacked crypto assets and advancing the international taxation agenda.
  • On the sidelines of the meeting, a panel discussion will be held on ‘Strengthening Multilateral Development Banks to Address Shared Global Challenges of the 21st Century’ along with a seminar on the ‘Role of Central Banks in Green Financing’.
  • A key role of the G20 is to provide “guidance in dealing with such challenges” and during India’s G20 Presidency, supporting the countries most in need and reflecting the concerns and aspirations of developing countries will be at the forefront of the G20’s efforts.
  • Discussions in the G20 Finance Track will ultimately be reflected in the G20 Leaders’ Declaration.
  • The G20 Leaders’ Summit will be held at New Delhiin September 2023. The G20 consists of two parallel tracks: the Finance track, led by Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors; and the Sherpa track. The Indian G20 Presidency’s theme of ‘One Earth One Family, One Future’ will guide the G20 Finance Track discussions.