IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


4th March, 2023 MISCELLANEOUS

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Context: At the main entrance of the 4,500-year-old Great Pyramid of Giza, researchers have discovered a secret passageway.


  • According to BBC news, the initial finding was made by the ScanPyramids project in 2016 using a non-invasive method called cosmic-ray muon radiography. Since then, researchers have used a variety of techniques to conduct a focused analysis of the discovered structure.

The Great Pyramid

  • The Great Pyramid of Giza is the largest Egyptian pyramid and the tomb of Khufu, who is widely regarded as the greatest emperor of ancient Egypt.
  • The Pyramid was built in the early 26th century BC.
  • The pyramid is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one to remain largely intact.
  • According to National Geographic, the pyramid was constructed out of 2.5 million stone pieces that each weighed between 2.5 and 15 tonnes.


  • Egypt is officially known as the Arab Republic of Egypt. It is bordered by;
    • The Mediterranean Sea in the North.
    • The Gaza Strip of Palestine and Israel in the Northeast.
    • The Red Sea to the East
    • Sudan in the South.
    • Libya in the West.
  • The Gulf of Aqaba in the northeast separates Egypt from Jordan and Saudi Arabia.
  • Cairo is the capital and largest city of Egypt.
  • Islam is the official religion of Egypt and Arabic is its official language.
  • Egypt is considered to be a regional power in North Africa, the Middle East and the Muslim world, and a middle power worldwide.
  • Egypt is a founding member of the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Arab League, the African Union, and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation.




Q. Which of the Following countries has a coastline on the Red Sea?

1. Egypt

2. Jordan

3. Saudi Arabia

4. Sudan

Select the correct code.

(A) 1, 2 and 3 only

(B) 1, 3 and 4 only

(C) 2, 3 and 4 only

(D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Answer: B