14th September, 2021 Culture and Heritage
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- Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has greeted the people on Hindi Diwas.
- Hindi Day/Hindī Diwas is celebrated every year on 14 September marking the declaration of Hindi language as one of the official languages of Union government of India.
- On 14 September 1949, Hindi was adapted as one of the official languages in India.
- As such, on the 50th birthday of Beohar Rajendra Simha on the 14th of September 1949, the efforts resulted in the adoption of Hindi as an official language.
- In all, there are 22 Scheduled languages of India.
- There is no national language in India.
- However, article 343(1) of the Indian constitution specifically mentions that, "The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script.
- The form of numerals to be used for the official purposes of the Union shall be the international form of Indian numerals."
- The business in Indian parliament can only be transacted in Hindi or in English.
- English is allowed to be used in official purposes such as parliamentary proceedings, judiciary, communications between the Central Government and a State Government.
- There are various official languages in India at the state/territory level.
- States within India have the liberty and powers to specify their own official language(s) through legislation.