Daily News Analysis

HORN OF AFRICA                

10th January, 2022 Geography

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  • China’s foreign minister says his country will appoint a special envoy to the Horn of Africa region, where Ethiopia and Eritrea have been fighting forces from Ethiopia’s Tigray region and Somalia is in the grip of a political crisis caused by a long-delayed election.



  • The Horn of Africa also known as the Somali Peninsula, is a large peninsula of East Africa.


  • Located on the easternmost part of the African mainland, it is the fourth largest peninsula in the world.
  • It lies along the southern boundary of the Red Sea and extends hundreds of kilometres into the Guardafui Channel, Gulf of Aden, and Indian Ocean.
  • The Horn of Africa is equidistant from the equator and the Tropic of Cancer.

Physical Features

  • It consists chiefly of mountains uplifted through the formation of the Great Rift Valley, a fissure in the Earth's crust extending from Turkey to Mozambique and marking the separation of the African and Arabian tectonic plates.
  • The Horn contains such diverse areas as the highlands of the Ethiopian Plateau, the Ogaden desert, and the Eritrean and Somalian coasts.
  • Its coasts are washed by the Red Sea, the Gulf of Aden, and the Indian Ocean.


  • The region that is home to the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia.