IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


19th September, 2022 Polity and Governance

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In News

  • The Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs initiated the Swachh Amrit Mahotsav that started with Indian Swachhata League.
  • The League will galvanize action around swachhata from 17th September 2022, Seva Diwas, till 2nd October 2022, Gandhi Jayanti.
  • The best teams will be chosen by an independent process involving jury members of national repute.
    • The evaluation will be done based on the scale of participation, uniqueness of the activity, and impact of cleanliness initiatives.



  • The Minister has highlighted that an inter-city competition ‘Indian Swachhata League’ ‘played’ on the parameters of swachhata with the support of the youth of the city.
  • The 1st edition of the Indian Swachhata League witnessed a record with more than half a million youth joining hands for clean beaches, hills and tourist spots.
  • Youth participation with their own cities team identity: Puri Saviours, Aizwal Clean Avengers, Gazab Ghaziabad, Swachhata Warriors, Swachh Vishakha Warriors, Bemisal Bhopal, Swachhata Warriors Jhansi.
    • Their enthusiasm displayed their passion to achieve the vision of Garbage Free Cities.
    • On this occasion, many famous personalities were present to support and led their city team from the front to keep the city clean.
  • Chandigarh Challengers gave a message “Har Din, Chaar Bin” to promote the use of four bins for improved waste segregation at the source at the famous Rose Garden.

Related News

  • The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) has recently launched Revised Swachh Certification Protocols under Swachh Bharat Mission- Urban 2.0 to sustain Open Defecation Free Status.
  • The main objective of the initiative is to set guidelines for ODF, ODF+, ODF++, and Water+ certifications.
    • ODF - Once Cities are certified as ODF, they became eligible to be declared as SBM-ODF+ & SBM-ODF++.
    • ODF+ - A City could be declared as ODF+ if, “at any point of the day, not a single person is found defecating and/or urinating in the open, and all community and public toilets are functional and well-maintained.”
    • ODF++ - The ODF++ status adds an extra condition that emphasises mechanised cleaning of septic tanks and sewers. Safe collection & treatment of used water as well as safe management of faecal sludge.
    • Water+ - The focus is on the collection, transportation, treatment, and reuse of both used water and faecal sludge to prevent environmental pollution.
  • The Minister highlighted that “The Revised Swachh Certification Protocols is more functionality-oriented and has been simplified for officials and citizens to understand it better;
  • The Ministry has initiated the ‘Loo Café’ model; it is a sustainable public-private-partnership-based model that charges a user fee for the upkeep and maintenance of public toilets.


Swachh Bharat Mission

  • Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) is a country-wide campaign initiated by the Government of India in 2014 to eliminate open defecation and improve solid waste management.
  • It is a restructured version of the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan launched in 2009.
  • Phase 1 of the Swachh Bharat Mission lasted till October 2019.
  • Phase 2 is being implemented between 2020–21 and 2024–25.
  • The mission aimed to achieve an "open-defecation free" (ODF) India by 2 October 2019, the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi through the construction of toilets.
  • The objectives of the first phase of the mission:
    • Eradication of manual scavenging.
    • Generating awareness and bringing about behaviour change regarding sanitation practices.
    • Building capacity at the local level.
  • The second phase of the mission aims to sustain the open defecation-free status and improve the management of solid and liquid waste, while also working to improve the lives of sanitation workers.
  • Under the scheme, the Government provides subsidies for constructing toilets, waste management structures, and awareness campaigns to bring behaviour change.
  • The campaign is financed by the Government of India and state governments.
  • The mission is split into two: Rural and Urban.
    • In rural areas "SBM - Gramin" is financed and monitored through the Ministry of Jal Shakti.
    • In Urban areas "SBM - urban" is overseen by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.


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Present Status

  • According to the dashboards maintained by ministries, more than 100 million individual household-level toilets have been constructed in rural areas and 6 million household toilets in urban areas.
  • Nearly 6 million community and public toilets have also been constructed in the urban areas.
  • Nearly 11 crores of online Integrated Management Information systems (IMIS) have been constructed in the country.
  • Nearly 2 lakh Community Sanitary Complexes (CSCs) have been constructed under the programme.
  • More than 4,200 cities and more than 600,000 villages across the country have declared themselves open defecation-free (ODF).
  • More than 87 thousand wards in urban areas now have 100% door-to-door collection of solid waste and nearly 65 thousand words practice 100% segregation of waste at source.
  • According to UNICEF, the number of people without a toilet has been reduced from 550 million to 50 million.
  • The World Bank reports that 96% of Indians who have a toilet use it.


Way Forward

  • Since the launch of this Mission, lakhs of citizens, especially women, children and divyangs, are living a life of dignity and safety.
  • The need of the hour is to maintain these sanitation achievements while moving towards new sanitation goals.
  • Citizens' partnership through Indian Swachhata League is essential to achieve the goals of the Swachh Bharat Mission. Taking the broom to sweep the streets, cleaning up the garbage, focussing on sanitation and maintaining a hygienic environment should become common daily practices of every Indian.
  • Under the Indian Swachhata League, Citizens are not only Participating in a cleanliness campaign but also spreading the message of ‘Cleanliness is next to Godliness.’