IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


21st January, 2023 Environment

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Context: A rare species of 'Orange bat' was spotted recently at the Kanger Ghati National Park in Chhattisgarh's Naxal-affected Bastar district. An endangered species Indian Wolf was also seen in the forest area, according to a forest official.


  • Out of 32 subspecies of wolves that are recognized, two are believed to inhabit the Indian subcontinent: the Tibetan wolf and the Indian wolf.
  • The Tibetan wolf is one of the world’s most ancient species.
  • Distribution Range:
    • Tibetan Wolf range extends from trans-Himalaya into Tibet and China. It can be found living in Ladakh in the Himalayas, the Tibetan Plateau
    • Indian wolf that ranges over peninsular India. Indian wolf is distributed across the states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh.
  • Population in India: Unlike the Indian wolf, which we know numbers around 3,000, there is not enough data on the Tibetan wolf.
  • Protection Status:
    • Indian wolf: Least concerned (IUCN Red list)
    • Tibetan wolf: critically endangered
    • Both species are protected as Schedule I animalunder the Wildlife Protection Act.
    • They are listed on CITES Appendix I as endangered due to international trade