JERDON’S NARROW-MOUTHED FROG
6th March, 2023 Environment
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Context: After 89 years, frog endemic to the higher altitudes of Western Ghats ‘rediscovered’.
- The Jerdon’s narrow-mouthed frog (Uperodon montanus) could once be spotted leaping over slippery pebbles or peeping from behind rocks in the shallows of streams in the upper reaches of the Western Ghats.
- The frogs have a longish snout, which gives it its name, and shiny brown skin with darker brown, red and golden spots on the back and head.
- They are found in rock pools or tree holes filled with rainwater.
- This frog is considered a montane species and is restricted to higher altitude ranges of 800-1,700 metres.
- They are distributed from near Wayanad south across the Palghat and the Shencottah gaps to the Agasthyamalai hills.
- It is classified as ‘Near Threatened’ in the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List of Threatened Species.
- Its tadpoles are free-swimming and exotrophic, which means they feed on other species.
Q) Which of the following statements is/are correct with reference to Jerdon’s narrow-mouthed frog?
a. This frog is considered a montane species.
b. It is classified as ‘Near Threatened’ in the IUCN list.
Answer: Option III