Daily News Analysis

KABUL

20th June, 2022 PLACES IN NEWS

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  • A deadly terrorist attack on Gurudwara in Afghanistan’s capital Kabul.
  • The Islamic State–Khorasan Province (ISKP), a fraction of the Islamic State militant group, has claimed responsibility for the attack.

 

Afghanistan

  • Afghanistan is officially known as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.
    • It is a landlocked country located at the crossroads of Central and South Asia.
    • It is also referred to as the Heart of Asia.
  • It is bordered by;
    • Pakistan in the east and south.
    • Iran in the west.
    • Turkmenistan in the northwest.
    • Uzbekistan in the north.
    • Tajikistan in the northeast.
    • China in the northeast and east.
    • The North-East Border also touches India, but that part is occupied by Pakistan (PoK).
  • Kabul is the country's largest city and also its capital.
  • Afghanistan was the strategic location along the historic Silk Road has it is also described as the Graveyard of Empires.
  • As of 2021, its population is 40.2 million, mainly composed of ethnic Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras, and Uzbeks.
    • Pashtuns are the largest ethnic group comprising 39% of the total population.
    • Tajiks are the 2nd largest group comprising 37% of the total population.
  • 7% of the Afghan population was Muslim, and most belong to the Sunni sect.
  • It is prominently rich in natural resources; lithium, iron, zinc, copper, etc.
    • It is also the largest producer of opium.
  • Despite having several rivers and reservoirs, large parts of the country remain dry.
  • Afghanistan has a continental climate with harsh winters in the central highlands.
  • Afghan saffron has been recognized as the world's best.
  • The country is known for producing pomegranates, grapes, apricots, melons, and several other fresh and dry fruits.

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