KALIBR CRUISE MISSILE
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Context: A Russian submarine in the Sea of Japan has hit a land target over 1,000 kilometres away with a Kalibr cruise missile in a drill, Russia's defence ministry sai, the same type of missile Moscow uses in the Ukraine conflict.
- The 3M-54 Kalibr is a family of Russian cruise missiles developed by the Novator Design Bureau (OKB-8).
- It first saw service in 1994.
- There are ship-launched, submarine-launched and air-launched versions of the missile, and variants for anti-ship, anti-submarine and land attack use.
- Some versions have a second propulsion stage that initiates a supersonic sprint in the terminal approach to the target, reducing the time that target's defense systems have to react, while subsonic versions have greater range than the supersonic variants.
- The missile can carry a warhead weighing up to 500 kilograms of explosive or a thermonuclear warhead.
Q) Which of the following statements is/are correct with reference to Kalibr Cruise Missile?
a. Kalibr is a family of Russian cruise missiles developed by the Novator Design Bureau.
b. The missile can carry a warhead weighing up to 500 kilograms of explosive or a thermonuclear warhead.
Answer: Option 3