10th June, 2022 Environment
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- Researchers at Botanical Survey of India have rediscovered a rare plant from a remote district of Anjaw in Arunachal Pradesh which is often called the "Lipstick Plant" (Aeschynanthus monetaria Dunn).
More on the news:
- It was first identified by British botanist Stephen Troyte Dunn in 1912 based on plant samples collected in Arunachal Pradesh by another English botanist, Isaac Henry Burkill.
- Some of the species in the genus Aeschynanthus are known as lipstick plants because of their tubular red corollas
- Aeschynanthus Jack (Gesne-riaceae), an epiphytic evergreen tropical Asian genus with 174 species, is found mostly from southern China to tropical Asia. Twenty-six taxa represent the plant's genus in India.
- Aeschynanthus monetaria is a species that had not been collected from India since Burkill in 1912.
- The genus name Aeschynanthus is derived from the Greek aischyne or aischyn, which means shame or embarrassment, and anthos, which means flower.
- The fleshy orbicular leaves of Aeschynanthus monetaria Dunn are morphologically distinctive and unique among other Aeschynanthus species known from India, with a greenish top surface and a purplish-green below surface.
- The term monetaria in its name refers to the appearance of the plant's leaves, which are mint-like.