IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis

Mount Etna

23rd May, 2023 Geography

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  • Europe’s most active volcano Mount Etna erupted May 21, 2023, forcing flights from eastern Sicily’s largest city Catania to be grounded due to a lack of visibility.


  • Mount Etna, is an active stratovolcano on the east coast of Sicily, Italy, in the Metropolitan City of Catania, between the cities of Messina and Catania.
  • It lies above the convergent plate margin between the African Plate and the Eurasian Plate.
  • It is one of the tallest active volcanoes in Europe.
  • Etna has also produced pyroclastic flows, ashfalls, and mudflows, but the lava flows are the most immediately hazardous type of activity, especially to the city of Catania.
  • The volcano has been erupting for the past 500,000 years and is one of the most studied volcanos in the world.

TYPES OF VOLCANOES: https://www.iasgyan.in/blogs/types-of-volcano


Q. Match the following:

1. Mount Etna                                            a. Phillippines

2. Eyjafjallajökull                                       b. Equador

3. Mount Mayon                                          c. Italy

4. Cotopaxi                                                   d. Iceland

A.    1-a, 2-d, 3-c, 4-a

B.    1-c, 2-a, 3-d, 4-b

C.    1-c, 2-d, 3-a, 4-b

D.   1-c, 2-a, 3-b, 4-d

Answer: C