IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


13th March, 2023 Geography

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  • Indonesia’s Mount Merapi erupted with avalanches of searing gas clouds and lava, forcing authorities to halt tourism and mining activities on the slopes of the country’s most active volcano.


  • Mount Merapi, is an active stratovolcano located on the border between the province of Central Java and the Special Region of Yogyakarta, It is the most active volcano in Indonesia and has erupted regularly since 1548.
  • Merapi is the youngest in a group of volcanoes in southern Java. It is situated at a subduction zone, where the Indo-Australian Plate is subducting under the Sunda Plate.
  • It is one of at least 129 active volcanoes in Indonesia, part of the volcano is located in the Southeastern part of the Pacific Ring of Fire—a section of fault lines stretching from the Western Hemisphere through Japan and South East Asia.