NATIONAL IPR POLICY
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Context - A review meeting under the Ministry of Science and Technology has highlighted the need for a National IPR policy.
- During the review meeting, National level policies related to IPR and the role of the Department of Science and Technology (DST)-Centre for Policy Research (DST-CPRs) was discussed.
- It was highlighted that each Centre for Policy Research should contribute toward IPR policy formation at the national level.
Intellectual Property Rights
- Intellectual property (IP) is a category of property that includes intangible creations of the human intellect.
- Intellectual property rights include patents, copyright, industrial design rights, trademarks, plant variety rights, trade dress, and geographical indications.
- The main purpose of intellectual property law is to encourage the creation of a wide variety of intellectual goods, to achieve this, the law gives people and businesses property rights to the information and intellectual goods they create, usually for a limited period.
- This gives economic incentive for their creation because it allows people to benefit from the information and intellectual goods they create and allows them to protect their ideas and prevent copying.
- These economic incentives are expected to promote innovation and contribute to the technological progress of countries.
Steps by the Government
- The Cell for IPR Promotion and Management (CIPAM) has been set up to coordinate the implementation of the National IPR Policy.
- IP awareness programmes have been undertaken in academic institutions, at both school and college levels, as also for industry.
- To streamline the processing of IP applications, IP procedures have been simplified and made user friendly by amendment to the Patents Rules in 2016 and Trademarks Rules in 2017.
- Under the amended Patents Rules, 80% patent fee reduction has been provided for Startups as compared to large companies.
- Establishment of Center of Excellence in Intellectual Property.
- Providing IP Facilitation Support, and Help-Desk services For IPR.
- Creation of IPR Awareness through Digital Media.
- There is an immediate need to take corrective steps to achieve the full potential of geographical indications.”
- Provisions for stronger enforcement and action against Violation are the need of the hour”.
- Awareness campaigns, especially in rural areas, on these intellectual property rights and promotes the success stories of Darjeeling Tea, Chanderi Silk, etc.
- Building sufficient capacities in the high court’s so that intellectual property litigation can be conducted efficiently and smoothly.
- These new and additional challenges can be effectively met by strengthening the high courts.
- Need to fill the existing vacancies on an urgent basis, but there is also a need to increase the number of judges.
- Judicial infrastructure needs to be improved. Mere allocation of funds is not enough. The challenge is to put the available resources to optimum use.
- While adjudicating the claims of intellectual property rights, a balance must be struck between contemporary claims and the sustainable interests of future generations.