IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


16th November, 2022 Polity and Governance

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In News

  • National Press Day is celebrated every year on 16th November to mark the foundation day of the Press Council of India.
  • The Press Council of India functions as a moral watchdog to ensure that the press maintains high standards.

Press Council of India

  • The Press Council of India was established by the Parliament in 1966.
    • It was established on the recommendations of the First Press Commission.
  • The main objective of the council is to maintain the freedom of the press and improve the standards of the press in India.
  • It is the self-regulatory body under the Press Council Act of 1978.
  • Traditionally, a retired Supreme Court judge is appointed as the Chairman of the Council.
  • There are 28 additional members in the council;
    • 20 members of media, nominated by the newspapers, television channels and other media platforms operating in India.
    • 5 members from the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
    • 3 members as nominees of Sahitya Academy, University Grant Commission and Bar Council of India.
  • The Council accepts complaints against matters related to journalists or media organizations.
  • The Council can investigate and issue a report.
  • It also can "warn, criticize, or censure" those it finds at fault, but the council has no powers to enforce or impose any penalty on individual journalists and media publications.