IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


22nd November, 2022 Polity and Governance

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In News

  • The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has announced a National Suicide Prevention Strategy.
  • The main objective is to provide time-bound action plans and multi-sectoral collaborations to achieve a reduction in suicide mortality by 10% by 2030.



  • The strategy is in line with the WHO’s South East-Asia Region Strategy for suicide prevention.
  • Key points of the strategy;
    • Establish an effective surveillance mechanism for suicide prevention within the next 3 years.
    • Establish psychiatric outpatient departments in all districts within the next 5 years to provide suicide prevention services through the District Mental Health Programme.
    • Integrate a mental well-being curriculum in all educational institutions within the next 8 years
    • Develop guidelines for responsible media reporting of suicides, and restricting access to means of suicide.
    • Developing community resilience and societal support for suicide prevention.

Way Forward

  • In India, more than one lakh lives are lost every year to suicide, and it is the top killer in the 15-29 years category.
    • In the past three years, the suicide rate has increased from 10.2 to 11.3 per 1, 00,000 population.
    • The most common reasons for suicide include family problems and illnesses, which account for 34% and 18% of all suicide-related deaths.
  • Suicides impact all sections of society and thus require concerted and collaborative efforts from individuals and the community at large.