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Context: The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) and Russia discussed the ongoing situation in Ukraine and its implications for security in Europe.
- The talks happened at the NATO-Russia Council (NRC).
- It was established by the 2002 Rome Declaration on "NATO-Russia Relations: a New Quality".
- It is a mechanism for consultation, consensus-building, cooperation, joint decision and joint action, in which the individual NATO member states and Russia work as equal partners on a wide spectrum of security issues of common interest.
- Key focus areas: fight against terrorism, crisis management, non-proliferation, arms control and confidence-building measures, theatre missile defence, logistics, military-to-military cooperation, defence reform and civil emergencies.
- Since April 2014, civil and military cooperation under the NRC with Russia has been suspended in response to Russia’s military intervention in Ukraine and its annexation of Crimea from Ukraine
- It was founded in 1949.
- To ensure collective protection for its members — the United States, Canada, and American allies in Europe — against the threat of possible post-War communist expansion and aggression by the Soviet Union.
- NATO has traditionally focused on Russia and the European neighbourhood
- recognises the need to deter “revisionist” and “militarily advanced” Russia, and the threat posed by rogue nations such as North Korea.
- NATO allies do not recognise annexation of Crimea from Ukraine and have referred to as “illegal” and “illegitimate”.
- It was founded by the Soviet Union for its own defence and political alliance with Eastern European nations as a counterbalance to NATO.
- Warsaw Pact that was signed in 1955.
- This alliance was disbanded after the dissolution of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in 1991.