IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


12th September, 2022 POLITY AND GOVERNANCE

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  • Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) completed 2 years.

Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana

  • It is a flagship scheme for focused and sustainable development of the fisheries sector in the country with an estimated investment of Rs. 20,050 crores for its implementation during 5 years from FY 2020-21 to FY 2024-25 in all States/Union Territories, as a part of AatmaNirbhar Bharat Package.
  • The PMMSY is an umbrella scheme with two separate components namely;
    • Central Sector Scheme.
    • Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS).
  • The Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) Component is further segregated into Non-beneficiary oriented and beneficiary-orientated subcomponents/activities under the following three broad heads:
    • Enhancement of Production and Productivity
    • Infrastructure and Post-harvest Management
    • Fisheries Management and Regulatory Framework
  • Under CSS
    • North Eastern & Himalayan States: 90% Central share and 10% State share.
    • Other States: 60% Central share and 40% State share.
    • Union Territories (with the legislature and without legislature): 100% Central share.
  • The PMMSY would be implemented through the following agencies:
    • Central Government and its entities including National Fisheries Development Board
    • State/UT Governments and their entities
    • State Fisheries Development Boards
    • Any other End Implementing Agencies as decided by the Department of Fisheries.


  • PMMSY is designed to address critical gaps in fish production and productivity, quality, technology, post-harvest infrastructure and management, modernization and strengthening of the value chain, traceability, establishing a robust fisheries management framework and fishers’ welfare.
  • While aiming to consolidate the achievements of the Blue Revolution Scheme, PMMSY envisages many new interventions such as;
    • fishing vessel insurance,
    • support for new/up-gradation of fishing vessels/boats, Bio-toilets,
    • Aquaculture in saline/alkaline areas, Sagar Mitras, FFPOs/Cs,
    • Nucleus Breeding Centres,
    • Fisheries and Aquaculture start-ups,
    • Incubators,
    • Integrated Aqua parks,
    • Integrated coastal fishing villages development etc
  • PMMSY scheme primarily focuses on adopting ‘Cluster or Area based approaches’ and the creation of Fisheries clusters through backward and forward linkages.
  • Special focus will be given to employment generation activities such as seaweed and ornamental fish cultivation.
  • It emphasizes interventions for quality brood, seed and feed, special focus on species diversification, critical infrastructure, marketing networks etc.


Expected outcomes

  • Fish production is likely to be enhanced from 13.75 million metric tons (2018-19) to 22 million metric tons by 2024-25.
  • A sustained average annual growth of about 9% in fish production is expected.
  • An increase in the contribution of the GVA of the fisheries sector to the Agriculture GVA from 7.28% in 2018-19 to about 9% by 2024-25.
  • Double export earnings from the present Rs.46,589 crores (2018-19) to about Rs.1,00,000 crores by 2024-25.
  • Enhancement of productivity in aquaculture from the present national average of 3 tons to about 5 tons per hectare.
  • Reduction of post-harvest losses from the reported 20-25% to about 10%.
  • Doubling of incomes of fishers and fish farmers.
  • Generation of about 15 lakhs direct gainful employment opportunities and thrice the number as indirect employment opportunities along the supply and value chain.
  • Enhancement of domestic fish consumption from about 5 kg to about 12 kg per capita.
  • Encouragement of private investment and facilitation of growth of entrepreneurship in the fisheries sector.