Daily News Analysis


1st January, 2022 Culture and Heritage


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  • Rare black stick-like drawings of humans have been discovered in two caverns near the Kundu River in Paibogula village, Kurnool district, Andhra Pradesh.



  • These drawings date from the Megalithic Period (1500 to 500 BC) and the early Historical Period (500 BC to 600 AD).
  • The recently discovered rock art sites in the Kundu river valley in Gadivemula Mandal are 40 kilometers from Kurnool city and are known locally as Yedoorlagayi, Siddhulagayi, and Gurralapadah.
  • These sites feature rock art in black, red, and white paints, as well as cupules or cup markings of various sizes, which need to be investigated further for an exact date.
  • Gneissic granite, a particularly hard and erosion-resistant rock type, was used to create these cupules.


Kundu River

  • The Kundu River also known as 'kunderu', 'Kumurdruthi'is a tributary of the Penna River in the Rayalaseema region of Andhra Pradesh.
  • It is known for frequent floods that bring heavy damage to the Nandyal and Koilkuntla areas, and hence it is popularly called the "Sorrow of Nandyal."