Daily News Analysis


21st June, 2022 Polity and Governance

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In News

  • The Election Commission has delisted 111 additional Registered Unrecognised Political Parties.
    • On verification, many of these Political parties either are non-existent or the letters issued to them have returned undelivered.


Registered Unrecognised Political Parties

  • There are total 2,360 political parties registered with the Election Commission of India and about 50% of them are unrecognised parties.
  • Unrecognised Political Parties are those newly registered parties which have not secured enough percentage of votes in the assembly or general elections to become a state party, or which have never contested elections since registered.
    • They don’t enjoy the benefits extended to the recognised parties.
  • A Political Party is called a Recognised Political Party if it meets certain conditions.
    • Won a certain percentage of valid votes or a certain number of seats in the State legislative assembly or the Lok Sabha in the last election.


Election Commission of India

  • It is a permanent constitutional body.
  • Article 324 of the constitution establishes the Election Commission of India.
  • It was established on 25th January 1950.
  • It supervises the conduct of elections to Parliament and Legislature of every State and elections to the offices of President and Vice-President of India.
  • It consists of the Chief Election Commissioner and two Election Commissioners.
    • Originally, there was only Chief Election Commissioner, there were no Election Commissioners.


Powers of the Election Commission

  • The EC enjoys complete autonomy and is insulated from any interference from the Executive.
  • It also functions as a quasi-judicial body regarding matters related to elections and electoral disputes.
  • Its recommendations are binding on the President of India.
  • However, its decisions are subject to judicial review by High Courts and the Supreme Court acting on electoral petitions.
  • During the election process, the entire Central and state government machinery (including paramilitary and police forces) is deemed to be on deputation to the Commission.
  • The Commission takes effective control of government personnel and movable and immovable property for the successful conduct of elections.


Functions of the Election Commission

  • Demarcation of constituencies.
  • Preparation of electoral rolls.
  • Issue notification of election dates and schedules.
  • Establish and enforce a code of conduct.
  • Scrutiny of nomination papers of candidates.
  • Scrutiny of election expenses.
  • Allot symbols and accord recognition to political parties.
  • Render advice to the President and Governors regarding the disqualification of MPs and MLAs.
  • Allot schedules for broadcast and telecast of party campaigns.
  • Grant exemptions to persons from disqualifications imposed by judicial decisions.