IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


13th September, 2022 POLITY AND GOVERNANCE

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In News

  • The NITI Aayog will help state governments to set up similar bodies, by replacing their planning boards to ensure faster and more inclusive economic growth, to accomplish the vision of becoming a developed nation by 2047.
  • The NITI Aayog highlighted that state governments’ role is critical in improving ease of doing business, land reforms, infrastructure development, credit flows and urbanisation, all of these are important for sustained economic growth.

NITI Aayoy

  • Planning Commission Inspired by the USSR/Soviet Model, Prime Minister established a Planning Commission in 1950 to design the five-year Plans for India.
    • In 2015, it was replaced by a new organisation named National Institution for Transforming India (NITI)
  • Promote Cooperative Federalism
    • Governing Council of NITI Aayog has Lieutenant Governors of Union Territories and State Chief Ministers.
    • NITI Aayog Constituted a Committee of State Chief Ministers to examine important issues.
  • Promote Competitive Federalism
    • NITI Aayog has Prepared online dashboards to rank the States on various indicators of development Such as;
      • Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) India Index.
      • Health Index.
      • School Education Quality Index.
      • Digital Transformation Index.
    • Launched Aspirational District Programs for monitoring the progress of backward districts.
  • NITI Aayog has not been given the mandate or Powers to impose Policies on States.
    • NITI Aayog is a think tank or an advisory body.
  • The Powers for allocation of funds have not been given to the NITI Aayog. The Powers are with the Finance Ministry.
  • As a ‘think-tank’, Niti Aayog has helped the government In framing various Policies on;
    • Clean energy
    • Methanol based economy
    • Infrastructure, human development etc.
    • The model acts on agricultural land leasing, livestock Selling etc.
  • NITI Aayog regularly organizes Seminars, Workshops, and Conferences.
  • NITI initiated Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) to help Startups. NITI is developing the National Program on Artificial Intelligence.
  • NITI’s approach is modernized, forward-looking, and less bureaucratic; NITI Aayog is playing an important role as a think tank for Economic growth, Human development and Good governance in India.