Daily News Analysis

Subramania Bharati            

13th September, 2021 Modern history

 

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Context

  • The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has paid homage to Mahakavi Subramania Bharati on his 100th Punya Tithi.

 

Who was Subramaniya Bharathi?

  • He was a writer, poet, Indian independence activist and a social reformer.
  • Popularly known as "Mahakavi Bharathi", he is considered one of the greatest Tamil literary figures of all time.

 

Contribution

As a poet

  • Through his patriotic poems he exhorted the people to join the independence struggle and work vigorously for the liberation of the country.
  • “Sudesa Geethangal”, “Kannan Pattu” “Nilavum Vanminum Katrum” “Panchali Sabatam” “Kuyil Pattu” are some of his greatest works.

As a Nationalist

  • His vision of nationalism was one that was secular, against casteism and sexism, and pan-Indian.
  • Bharathi used to attend the Annual sessions of Indian National Congress and discuss national issues with extremist Indian National Leaders like Bipin Chandra Pal, Tilak and V.V.S. Iyer.
  • His participation and activities in Benaras Session (1905) and Surat Session (1907) of the Indian National Congress showcased his patriotic fervor.
  • His wise suggestions and steadfast support to the cause of nationalism rejuvenated many national leaders.
  • Thus, Bharathi played a pivotal role in the freedom of India.

 

As a Journalist

  • Bharathi, began his career as a journalist and as a sub-editor in Swadesamitran”in 1904.
  • He also published and edited in journals like “Vijaya” and “India”.
  • His writings induced and influenced the patriotic spirit of the Tamil youth.

 

As a social reformer

  • Bharathi was against caste system. He declared that there were only two castes-men and women and nothing more than that.
  • Above all, he himself had removed his sacred thread and adorned many Dalits with sacred thread.
  • He advocated temple entry of Dalits.
  • Bharathi was very clear that unless Indians unite as children of Mother India, they could not achieve freedom.
  • He believed in women’s rights, gender equality and women emancipation.
  • He opposed child marriage, dowry and supported widow remarriage.

 

Conclusion

  • Bharathi did not live for himself but for the people and nation. That is why he is respectfully called as Bharathiyar.

 

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1754242