IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


9th November, 2023 Geography

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  • The Zanzibar campus of the Indian Institute of Technology Madras was formally launched on Monday.
  • Currently, around 50 students have been admitted to the institute - 35 for the Bachelor of Science in Artificial Intelligence and Data Science course and 15 students for M. Tech in AI and DS courses.
  • The final details of admissions will be released shortly, according to the institute authorities.


  • It is a country in Africa located just south of the Equator.
  • Dar es Salaam is the country's largest city and harbor.
  • Location:
  • Uganda, Lake Victoria, and Kenya border the mainland to the north.
  • To the east is the Indian Ocean, and to the south and southwest are Mozambique, Lake Nyasa, Malawi, and Zambia.
  • To the west are Lake Tanganyika, Burundi, and Rwanda.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro, located in northern Tanzania, is the highest point.
  • Ruvuma, Rufiji, Wami, and Pangani are the major rivers that drain into the Indian Ocean.
  • Climate
  • Tanzania's mainland can be classified into four major climatic and geographic zones.
  • The Indian Ocean's coastal lowlands are hot and humid.
  • The large central plateau's hot and arid zone,
  • The northern border's high interior mountain and lake region,
  • The northeast and southwest highlands, with climates ranging from tropical to temperate.
  • Tanzanians are mostly of Bantu heritage.
  • Swahili (Kiswahili) and English are the official languages of Tanzania.

The Other Areas of Cooperation Between India and Tanzania


  • Reflecting the broader geopolitical backdrop, India regards Tanzania as an important partner in the Indo-Pacific region.
  • Tanzania is a major player in India-Africa relations.

Economic Collaboration

  • Tanzania's top export destination is India, with two-way commerce worth USD 6.4 billion in 2022-23, including USD 3.9 billion in Indian exports.
  • Tanzania's fifth largest investor is India.
  • Petroleum products, pharmaceutical items, machinery, nuclear reactors, boilers, electrical and electronic equipment, sugars, and sugar confectionery are among India's major exports to Tanzania.
  • Tanzania's major exports to India are gold ore, cashew nuts, spices (mostly cloves), ores and metal waste, diamonds, and other commodities.


Examine the historical, socio-political, and economic factors that have shaped the Republic of Tanzania since its independence. Assess its role in regional diplomacy and its contributions to the African Union.