IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


22nd September, 2022 EXTRA TOPIC OF THE DAY

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In News

  • The tomistoma (Tomistoma schlegelii) is a shy and unsociable species that typically withdraws from areas with a high degree of human activity.
    • However, increasing human activities in their habitat are making them attack people.
    • According to the study; in Indonesia, human activities such as oil palm plantations, settlements and illegal gold mining resulted in the declining habitat of tomistomaare and made them attack people.

About Tomistoma

  • The tomistoma is a large crocodilian species native to Southeast Asia.
  • It is found in Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei.
  • It is a freshwater species and is frequently associated with peat swamp forests.
    • It shares its habitat with two other types of crocodilians; the Saltwater crocodile and the Siamese crocodile.
  • It is recorded as endangered species on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature Red List of Threatened Species.
  • It was primarily believed to be piscivorous (fish-eating), but, in recent decades it has been found that the species has a much broader diet.
    • Tomistoma also preys on birds, monitor lizards, monkeys and deer, etc.
  • Human-tomistoma conflict was relatively rare and mitigation of conflict might be possible without removing animals.
  • The study urged cooperation with local authorities and communities to create crocodile exclusion zone and investigate the causes of human-tomistoma conflict.