WORLD DIABETES DAY
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Context: World Diabetes Day is celebrated on November 14 to raise awareness about diabetes, emphasizing prevention, early diagnosis, and timely treatment.
- World Diabetes Day is a global campaign that aims to raise awareness and promote action on diabetes prevention, management and care.
- It is celebrated every year on November 14, the birthday of Sir Frederick Banting, who co-discovered insulin along with Charles Best in 1922.
- The theme for World Diabetes Day 2023 is "Access to Diabetes Care." This theme emphasizes the importance of being aware of diabetes and encourages education on disease and treatment, dietary changes, and exercise.
- According to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), there are currently more than 463 million people living with diabetes worldwide, and this number is expected to rise to 700 million by 2045.
- Diabetes is a major cause of blindness, kidney failure, heart attack, stroke and lower limb amputatio It also increases the risk of severe complications from COVID-19.
- Diabetes can be prevented or delayed with healthy lifestyle choices, such as eating a balanced diet, being physically active, avoiding tobacco use and managing stress.
- Diabetes can be effectively treated and controlled with access to quality health care, education, medication and technology.
- World Diabetes Day was established by the International Diabetes Foundation (IDF) and the World Health Organisation (WHO) in 1991, in response to the growing concerns about the escalating health threat posed by diabetes. The United Nations officially recognized World Diabetes Day in 2006.
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World Health Organisation: https://www.iasgyan.in/daily-current-affairs/world-health-organisation-who
Q. How has the rise in lifestyle diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular conditions, impacted global health, and what measures can individuals and communities take to address and mitigate these health challenges?