IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


15th August, 2022 Polity and Governance

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  • India has progressed in the past 75 years; therefore on the occasion of 75th Independence Day let's go through India’s socioeconomic development journey.
  • Population: India’s population increased to nearly 140 cr.
  • Human Development Index (HDI): It is a measure of life expectancy, access to education and standard of living.
    • India has improved from 0.11 in 1950 to 0.64 in 2019.
  • Infant Mortality Rate (IMR): It is the number of infants dying before their first birthday per 1000 live births.
    • India's IMR improves to 27 in 2022.
  • Women in Parliament: 14% in 2021, despite having seen several women in political leadership positions India's relative growth in the share of women in parliament has been slow.
  • Net migration: India had the highest number of out-migrants among the 31st countries considered.
  • Access to electricity (% of the population) in India was reported at 99 % in 2020.
  • Internet usage: 43% of Indians use the internet.
  • The total food production, which stood at 54.92 million tonnes in 1950, rose to 305.44 million tonnes in 2020-21.
  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP): India's GDP stood at ₹ 2.7 lakh crore at Independence. 75 years on, it has crossed Rs 150 lakh crore.