International Coffee Day
2nd October, 2021 Agriculture
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- International Coffee Day is an occasion that is used to promote and celebrate coffee as a beverage, with events now occurring in places across the world.
- The first official date was 1 October 2015, as agreed by then International Coffee Organization and was launched in Milan.
- India is the third-largest producer and exporter of coffee in Asia, and the sixth-largest producer and fifth-largest exporter of coffee in the world.
- The country accounts for 3.14% (2019-20) of the global coffee production.
- Coffee production in India is dominated in the hill tracts of South Indian states, with Karnataka accounting for 71%, followed by Kerala with 21% and Tamil Nadu (5%).
- Indian coffee is said to be the finest coffee grown in the shade rather than direct sunlight anywhere in the world.
- Almost 80% of Indian coffee is exported.
- The two well known species of coffee grown are the Arabica and Robusta. The first variety that was introduced in the Baba Budan Giri hill ranges of Karnataka in the 17th century.
- Brazil is, the largest coffee producer in the world.
International Coffee Organization
- The International Coffee Organization (ICO) was set up in 1963 in London, under the auspices of the United Nations (UN) due to the economic importance of coffee.
- It administers the International Coffee Agreement (ICA), an important instrument for development cooperation.
- After the withdrawal of the U.S. from the International Coffee Agreement in June 2018, ICO Member Governments represent 98% of world coffee production and 67% of world consumption.
- India is a part of ICO.