IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


6th August, 2022 Polity and Governance

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In News

  • The 7th Governing Council meeting of NITI Aayog is scheduled on 7th August 2022.
  • The Prime Minister will chair the meeting at Rashtrapati Bhawan Cultural Centre, New Delhi.
  • The objective of the council is to increase collaboration and cooperation between the Union and States/ Union Territories.
  • The council to discuss various issues including crop diversification and achieving self-sufficiency in oilseeds and pulses, implementation of the National Education Policy–school education, urban governance, etc.


NITI Aayog’s Governing Council

  • It is the premier body trusted with developing a shared vision of national priorities and strategies with the active involvement of States and Union Territories.
  • It is a platform to discuss inter-sectoral, inter-departmental and federal issues.
  • It comprises:
    • The Prime Minister of India.
    • Chief Ministers of all the states and union territories with the legislature.
    • Lt Governors of other UTs.
    • Ex-Officio Members; Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog; Full-Time Members, NITI Aayog.
    • Union Ministers as Special Invitees.


NITI Aayoy

  • Planning Commission Inspired by the USSR/Soviet Model, Prime Minister established a Planning Commission in 1950 to design the five-year Plans for India.
    • In 2015, it was replaced by a new organisation named National Institution for Transforming India (NITI)
  • Promote Cooperative Federalism
    • Governing Council of NITI Aayog has Lieutenant Governors of Union Territories and State Chief Ministers.
    • NITI Aayog Constituted a Committee of State Chief Ministers to examine important issues.
  • Promote Competitive Federalism
    • NITI Aayog has Prepared online dashboards to rank the States on various indicators of development Such as;
      • Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) India Index.
      • Health Index.
      • School Education Quality Index.
      • Digital Transformation Index.
    • Launched Aspirational District Programs for monitoring the progress of backward districts.
  • NITI Aayog has not been given the mandate or Powers to impose Policies on States.
    • NITI Aayog is a think tank or an advisory body.
  • The Powers for allocation of funds have not been given to the NITI Aayog. The Powers are with the Finance Ministry.
  • As a ‘think-tank’, Niti Aayog has helped the government In framing various Policies on;
    • Clean energy
    • Methanol based economy
    • Infrastructure, human development etc.
    • The model acts on agricultural land leasing, livestock Selling etc.
  • NITI Aayog regularly organizes Seminars, Workshops, and Conferences.
  • NITI initiated Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) to help Startups. NITI is developing the National Program on Artificial Intelligence.
  • NITI’s approach is modernised, forward-looking, and less bureaucratic; NITI Aayog plays an important role as a think tank for Economic growth, Human development and Good governance in India.