Daily News Analysis

Pangolin                                                          

1st January, 2022 Environment

                                          

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Context: Odisha radio-tags rescued Indian pangolin in an attempt to standardise the rehabilitation protocol for the animal in the State.

 

More about news:

  • After Madhya Pradesh, Odisha is the second State in the country to release a radio-tagged Indian pangolin into the wild.

 

About Pangolins:

  • Pangolins, despite being listed in Schedule I of Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 continue to be the world’s most trafficked mammal.
  • The Indian pangolin is the largest among eight pangolin species.
  • The nocturnal animal lives in burrows and feed on ants and termites.
  • It practices
    • Volvation is a defensive behavior in certain animals, in which the animal rolls its own body into a ball, presenting only the hardest parts of its integument, or its spines to predators.

 

Pangolins in India

  • Both Indian Pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) and the Chinese Pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) are found in India.
  • Indian Pangolin is a large anteater covered by 11-13 rows of scales on the back.
  • A terminal scale is also present on the lower side of the tail of the Indian Pangolin, which is absent in the Chinese Pangolin.

Habitat

Indian Pangolin

  • Widely distributed in India, except the arid region, high Himalayas and the North-East.
  • The species is also found in Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal and Sri Lanka.

Chinese Pangolin

  • Found in the Himalayan foothills in Eastern Nepal, Bhutan, Northern India, North-East Bangladesh and through Southern China.

Threats to Pangolins in India:

  • Hunting and poaching for use as a protein source and traditional medicine and international trade for its meat and scales in East and South East Asian countries, particularly China and Vietnam.

Protection Status

IUCN Red List

  • Indian Pangolin: Endangered
  • Chinese Pangolin: Critically Endangered
  • Both these species are listed under Schedule I, Part I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/odisha-radio-tags-rescued-indian-pangolin/article38074866.ece