Daily News Analysis

Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban

9th October, 2021 Society

Figure 1: No Copyright Infringement Intended

Context

  • Second phase of Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-U) has announced the second phase of Swachh Bharat and the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban rat Mission-Urban (SBM-U)and the Atal Mission for Re- Transformation (AMRUT).

Comment on the Exercise:

  • Raising community involvement in resource recovery, which the rules governing municipal, plastic and electronic waste provide for, calls for a partnership that gives a tangible incentive to households.
  • The current model of issuing mega contracts to big corporations — as opposed to decentralised community-level operations for instance — has left segregation of waste at source a non-starter.
  • In the absence of a scaling up of operations, which can provide large-scale employment, and creation of matching facilities for material recovery, SBM-U 2.0 cannot keep pace with the tide of waste in a growing economy.
  • On sanitation, the impressive claim of exceeding the targets for household, community and public toilets thus far obscures the reality that without water connections, many of them are unusable, and in public places, left in decrepitude.
  • it is a long road to Open Defecation Free plus (ODF+) status for urban India, since that requires no recorded case of open defecation and for all public toilets to be maintained and functioning.
  • Equally, the high ambition of achieving 100% tap water supply in about 4,700 urban local bodies and sewerage and septage in 500 AMRUT cities depends crucially on making at least good public rental housing accessible to millions of people.

 

Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen Phase-Il

  • About: It emphasizes the sustainability of achievements under phaseI and to provide adequatefacilities for Solid/Liquid & plastic Waste Management (SLWM)in rural India.
  • Implementation: SBM (G) Phase-ll will be implemented from 2020-21 to 2024-25 ina mission modewith a total outlay of Rs. 1,40,881 crores.
  • Funding Pattern and Norms: The fund sharing pattern between Centre and States will be 90:10 for North-Eastern States and Himalayan States and UT of J&K; 60:40 for other States; and 100% for other Union Territories.
  • Funding Norms for SLWM have been rationalized and changed to per capita basis in place of the number of households.
  • Monitoring: The SLWM component of ODF Plus will be monitored on the basis of output – outcome indicators for 4 key areas:
    • Plastic waste management,
    • Biodegradable solid waste management (including animal waste management),
    • Greywater (Household Wastewater) management
    • Fecal sludge management.

 

AMRUT 2.0 mission

  • It will help in making cities self- reliant.
  • It will ensure water security across the cities.
  • This mission has been launched with the aim of providing 100 percent coverage of water supply to all households in 4,000 urban local bodies.
  • This target will be achieved by providing 2.68 crore tap connections and 100% coverage of sewerage across 500 AMRUT cities. An outlay of Rs 2.87 lakh crore has been sanctioned for this mission.

SBM-U 2.0 mission

  • It seeks to makeall cities ‘Garbage Free’.
  • It also seeks to ensure grey and black water management across the cities that are not covered under AMRUT.
  • Mission will focus on source segregation of solid waste by utilizing the principles of 3Rs that is “Reduce, reuse, recycle”.
  • An outlay of Rs 1.4] lakh crore has been sanctioned for SBM-U 2A.

 

Impact of these two schemes:

  • SBM-U and AMRUT have contributed significantly to improve urban landscape during the last seven years.
  • The two flagship Missions have augmented the Capacity to deliver basic services of water supply and Sanitation to the citizens.
  • Swachhta has become a Jan Andolan today.
  • All urban local bodies have been declared Open Defecation Free (ODF) and 70% solid wasteis being scientifically processed now.
  • AMRUT has been ensuring water security by adding 1.1 crore household water tap connections and 85 lakh sewer.