Van Vihar National Park
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Context: India's oldest sloth bear Gulabo dies at Bhopal's Van Vihar national park.
About Van Vihar National Park
- Location: located on the banks of Bhopal's Upper Lake (Madhya Pradesh).
- It also runs a rescue and breeding centre for sloth bears.
- It is developed and managed as a modern zoological park.
- It categorises animals in two categories, captive and herbivores. All carnivorous animals are kept inside enclosed areas and herbivores are allowed to roam freely.
- The sloth bear species are native to the Indian subcontinent.
- It mostly occurs in areas with forest cover, low hills bordering the outer range of the Himalayas from Punjab to Arunachal Pradesh.
- It is absent in the high mountains of Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir, the northwestern deserts of Rajasthan, and a broad unforested swath in the south.
- Protection status: It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.
- Threats: habitat loss and degradation.
Other protected areas in MP: