Daily News Analysis

Van Vihar National Park  

11th January, 2022 Environment


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Context: India's oldest sloth bear Gulabo dies at Bhopal's Van Vihar national park.


About Van Vihar National Park

  • Location: located on the banks of Bhopal's Upper Lake (Madhya Pradesh).
  • It also runs a rescue and breeding centre for sloth bears.
  • It is developed and managed as a modern zoological park.
  • It categorises animals in two categories, captive and herbivores. All carnivorous animals are kept inside enclosed areas and herbivores are allowed to roam freely.


Sloth bear

  • The sloth bear species are native to the Indian subcontinent.
  • Habitation:
    • It mostly occurs in areas with forest cover, low hills bordering the outer range of the Himalayas from Punjab to Arunachal Pradesh.
    • It is absent in the high mountains of Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir, the northwestern deserts of Rajasthan, and a broad unforested swath in the south.
  • Protection status: It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.
  • Threats: habitat loss and degradation.


Other protected areas in MP: