Daily News Analysis

World Coconut Day  

3rd September, 2021 Agriculture

 

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Context

  • Union Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare celebrated World Coconut Day to commemorate the foundation day of the International Coconut Community (ICC).

 

Details

  • The theme for the 23rd World Coconut Day celebrations this year is “Building a safe, inclusive resilient and sustainable coconut community amid Covid-19 pandemic and beyond”.
  • Coconut Development Board celebrates Coconut Day every year to create increased awareness on the importance of coconut and focus national and international attention on coconut sector.

 

Some statistics

  • Indonesia is the world's leading coconut producer. The Philippines is the world's second largest producer of coconuts.
  • India is the third largest coconut producer in the world.
  • Kerala — which is known as the ‘land of coconuts’ and derives its name from ‘Kera’ meaning coconut tree .
  • Kerala is the largest producer of coconut in India followed by Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
  • These three states account for nearly 85 per cent of the country’s total output.

 

Favorable conditions to grow

  • Coconut requires an equatorial climate with high humidity.
  • The ideal mean annual temperature is 27 degree C with 5-7 degrees diurnal variation.
  • The palm does not withstand prolonged spells of extreme variations.
  • A well-distributed rainfall of 1300-2300 mm per annum is preferred.

 

 

Closing thoughts

  • Since the farmers are small and marginal, the future of our domestic coconut industry lies in our ability to aggregate and pool farm level coconut production, take up processing and value addition for better income realization and give major thrust to product diversification and finding industrial utilization of various by-products and their value addition.

 

The International Coconut Community (ICC) is an intergovernmental organization of coconut producing countries organized in 1969 under the aegis of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN-ESCAP). The ICC Secretariat is located in Jakarta, Indonesia and is headed by an Executive Director.

 

ICC currently has 20 coconut producing member countries accounting for over 90 percent of world coconut production and exports of coconut products. The ICC member countries include eight Asian countries: India, Indonesia,  Malaysia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam and Timor Leste, nine Pacific countries: Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga and Vanuatu, one Caribbean country: Jamaica, one African country: Kenya and one country in South America: Guyana.  Membership to the Community is open to all coconut producing countries, with the unanimous consent of the existing members and by acceding to the agreement establishing the Coconut Community.

The representatives of member countries hold the office of the Chairman. Each Chairman holds the office for one year. The Community carries out its functions through its Secretariat based in Jakarta, Indonesia. The ICC Secretariat is regulated by the Government of Indonesia and is headed by the Executive Director appointed for a stipulated period at the Session of the Community.

 

Coconut Development Board (CDB) is a statutory body established under the Ministry of Agriculture for the integrated development of coconut and coconut-related. The Board which came into existence in 1981, functions under the administrative control of the Ministry of Agriculture, , with its headquarters at Kochi in Kerala.

 

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1751436